The Role of the Placenta in Fetal Development
Post Pregnancy

Umbilical Cord Blood Stem Cells - A Medical Marvel!

16 Mar
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Dr. Pooja Dholakia
Cord Blood stem cell


Picture this: in the beautiful chaos of a baby's arrival, there's something special about to be discarded—the umbilical cord. Once thought of as medical waste, this cord holds a secret treasure: cord blood. It's packed with special cells called stem cells, and these tiny wonders have the power to do amazing things in medicine.

Understanding Cord Blood Stem Cells

First things first, what exactly are cord blood stem cells? Well, when a baby is born, the umbilical cord, which connects the baby to the mother's placenta, is typically discarded as medical waste. However, within this cord lies a rich source of stem cells, the building blocks of life. These stem cells have the remarkable ability to transform into various types of cells in the body, making them important for medical treatments. No other cell is capable of doing this.

What is a Cord Blood Stem Cell?

Cord Blood stem cell

Cord blood is the blood that is present in your baby's umbilical cord. It is a rich source of stem cells and can be collected only once at the time of your baby's birth.

Stem cells extracted from umbilical cord blood right after your baby is born are a powerful resource with immense regenerative potential. Stem cells are tiny cells with great potential and have the potential to save lives.

What's So Special About Cord Blood?

Inside that cord blood are stem cells that can grow into different kinds of cells, like those in our blood and immune system. The best part? Getting this cord blood doesn't hurt anyone – not the baby or the mom. That's why many places collect and store it for future use. 

Once the baby is born, cord blood stem cells can be collected and stored for future use. This simple procedure has no risk to the baby or the mother and can be done painlessly after delivery. By preserving these stem cells, parents are essentially securing a biological insurance policy for their child. 

Importance During Pregnancy

During pregnancy, cord blood stem cells play a crucial role in nurturing the developing baby. They assist in the formation of vital organs, tissues, and systems, ensuring the baby's healthy growth and development. Moreover, these stem cells act as a natural defence mechanism, safeguarding the baby against infections and diseases even before they take their first breath.

How Can Cord Blood Help Us?

Blood Cell

These stem cells are like magic seeds. They can be used to treat all sorts of illnesses. For example, if someone has a problem with their blood or immune system, doctors can give them cord blood stem cells to fix it. It's like giving their body a fresh start. Here's of how cord blood or Stem cell therapy benefits us:

  • Treating Diseases: Cord blood stem cells are used to treat leukemia, lymphoma, genetic disorders, and autoimmune diseases.
  • Regenerating Tissues and Organs: Stem cells can repair damaged tissues and organs, offering potential treatments for conditions like spinal cord injuries and heart disease.
  • Supporting Medical Research: Cord blood stem cells aid in studying diseases, developing new treatments, and advancing healthcare.

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Role Of Stem Cells

Stem cell

Various causes, such as ageing, injury, or disease, can damage or affect certain parts of our body or its functions.

All the cells in our body have the capacity to become only the organs that belong to them. However, stem cells are capable of making new cells in any part of the body. That is why stem cells have the ability to both replace and repair these affected parts, restoring the normal function of our body.

Decision is yours


There are many companies dealing with stem cells. Everyone has different plans according to time constraints. Additionally, some companies offer stem cells for the entire family when you donate your child’s cord. You can make the decision at your convenience.

These stem cells have been successfully used in the treatment of more than 80 diseases, such as genetic, immune, and neurological disorders. Stem cell therapy success rate in india is 70–90%. Embryonic stem cells are derived from fertilized eggs called blastocysts. In India, the commonly used sources of adult stem cells include: Bone marrow - used to treat blood and immune disorders like leukemia and myeloma. Stem cell therapy in India is safe, effective, and legal. Stem cell therapy side effects are common short-term side effects like include fatigue, headache, chills, nausea, and low-grade fever.


Mother-baby bonding

Umbilical cord blood stem cells are like tiny superheroes in our bodies. They hold the key to treating diseases and healing us in ways we never thought possible. As we keep learning more about them and finding new ways to use them, the future of medicine looks brighter than ever.

Disclaimer: This blog is correct as per the writer's knowledge. This is not medical guidance. Follow as you are responsible for.

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